Stress and depression among Chinese new urban older adults: A moderated mediation model

Yang Sun1, Huijuan Wang2, Libin Zhang3, Zhaoliang Li1, Shaobo Lv4, Bing Li5
1College of Philosophy and Sociology, Jilin University, People’s Republic of China
2Affiliated Guangji Hospital of Soochow University, People’s Republic of China
3Collaborative Innovation Center of Assessment for Basic Education Quality, Beijing Normal University, People’s Republic of China
4School of Psychology and Mental Health, North China University of Science and Technology, People’s Republic of China
5Department of Addiction Medicine, Hebei Sixth People's Hospital, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Sun, Y., Wang, H., Zhang, L., Li, Z., Lv, S., & Li, B. (2020). Stress and depression among Chinese new urban older adults: A moderated mediation model. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 48(9), e9446.

Volume 48 Issue 9 | e9446 | Published: September 2020 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.9446

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We explored the relationship between stress and depression among 296 new urban older adults in China aged 60 years and older, along with the moderating effect of relocation duration and the mediating effect of anxiety. Participants completed the Depression Anxiety Stress Scales–simplified Chinese version. Results show that stress was a risk factor for depression, relocation duration moderated the relationship between stress and depression, and this moderating effect was mediated by anxiety. The importance of focusing on and preventing mental health problems among new urban older adults in China is discussed, with a focus on stress-induced anxiety and depression, and the feasibility of intervention at different stages postrelocation.

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