The Protective Style Questionnaire: Self-protective mechanisms among stigmatized adolescents

Stephen B. Hillman1, Paula C. Wood1, Shlomo S. Sawilowsky1
1Wayne State University, United States
Cite this article:  Hillman, S. B., Wood, P. C., & Sawilowsky, S. S. (1998). The Protective Style Questionnaire: Self-protective mechanisms among stigmatized adolescents. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 26(1), 29-38.

Volume 26 Issue 1 | e908 | Published: February 1998 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1998.26.1.29

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Crocker and Major (1989) hypothesized three mechanisms by which members of stig-matized groups may protect self-esteem. The mechanisms are: a) ingroup social com-parisons, b) valuing/devaluing performance selectively, and c) racial prejudice. We provide a test of Crocker and Major’s hypothesized mechanisms with the develop-ment of the Protective Style Questionnaire which was administered to a sample of 78 African-American adolescents. Evidence of high internal consistency reliability (about .86) and factor loadings support the orthogonality of the 3 mechanisms. Results showed varying levels of endorsement of each mechanism.
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