Modulation of forgiveness on processing hurt situations: A study of event-related potentials

Yangen Zhou1, Jiamei Lu2, Xiaochen Tang2, Chaoyi Hu2, Haibin Wang2
1Education College, and Taizhou College, Shanghai Normal University and Nanjing Normal University, People’s Republic of China
2Education College, Shanghai Normal University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Zhou, Y., Lu, J., Tang, X., Hu, C., & Wang, H. (2018). Modulation of forgiveness on processing hurt situations: A study of event-related potentials. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46(4), 607-616.

Volume 46 Issue 4 | e6635 | Published: April 2018 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.6635

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To explore the neuro-mechanism of the time course of processing a hurt situation, we analyzed event-related potentials (ERPs) generated in the brain in response to stimuli in individuals with different degrees of forgiveness. Participants were 216 university students. Of the early ERP components, the negative-deflecting N1 was modulated neither by degree of forgiveness nor by the hurt situation, and the positive-deflecting P2 was larger for low-forgiveness than for high-forgiveness participants, and for low-hurt than for high-hurt situations. The N2, which identifies and encodes stimulus, was enhanced in the high-forgiveness group and for high-hurt situations. Importantly, the late positive component (LPC) stage of stimulus evaluation was larger in the high-forgiveness group for high-hurt situations, but in the low- forgiveness group was evident for low-hurt situations. These data indicate that the modulation of forgiveness on processing hurt situations occurs at the late stage of information processing.

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