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Effects of coaching style on prosocial and antisocial behavior among Chinese athletes

Zuosong Chen (Shanghai Jiao Tong University), Dong Wang (Fujian Normal University), Kun Wang (Shanghai Jiao Tong University), Noora J. Ronkainen (Shanghai Jiao Tong University), Tao Huang (Shanghai Jiao Tong University)
Cite this article:  Chen, Z., Wang, D., Wang, K., Ronkainen, N., & Huang, T. (2016). Effects of coaching style on prosocial and antisocial behavior among Chinese athletes. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44, 1889-1900.
DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.11.1889
Publication date: December 2016

Abstract


We examined the effects of coaching style, motivation style, and moral disengagement on prosocial and antisocial behavior among Chinese athletes. Participants were 203 athletes (36.9% women; Mage = 19.0, SD = 2.6 years) from the Fujian Provincial Sports Team. Structural equation modeling analysis results revealed that the autonomy-supportive coaching style had an indirect and positive effect on prosocial behavior through the mediation of autonomous motivation. Further, the controlling coaching style had an indirect and positive effect on antisocial behavior through the mediation of controlled motivation and moral disengagement. The findings indicate that as coaching style influences prosocial and antisocial behavior among Chinese athletes, it should be targeted when interventions aimed at reducing their immoral behavior are developed.


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