Self-esteem mediates the relationship between mindfulness and social anxiety among Chinese undergraduate students

Jianfeng Tan1, Pouchan Lo2, Nie Ge3, Chengjing Chu1
1Department of Psychology, Guangdong Medical College, People’s Republic of China
2Macau Psychotherapy Association, People’s Republic of China
3Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, City University of Macau, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Tan, J., Lo, P., Ge, N., & Chu, C. (2016). Self-esteem mediates the relationship between mindfulness and social anxiety among Chinese undergraduate students. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(8), 1297-1304.

Volume 44 Issue 8 | e4978 | Published: September 2016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.8.1297

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We examined self-esteem as a mediator of the relationship between mindfulness and social anxiety in a Chinese cultural context. Participants comprised 508 Chinese undergraduate students, who completed the Mindful Attention Awareness Scale, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and Interaction Anxiousness Scale. Results showed that social anxiety was negatively correlated with mindfulness and self-esteem, and that mindfulness was positively correlated with self-esteem. Mediation analysis revealed that self-esteem partially mediated the association between mindfulness and social anxiety. Thus, we suggest that mindfulness decreases social anxiety because high mindfulness fosters high self-esteem. Mindfulness practice, for example, meditation, can be used as a preventive therapy to help Chinese adults to reduce their social anxiety, and can also enhance the self-esteem of socially anxious Chinese adults.

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