The effects of social class differences on the self-concepts of some Nigerian adolescents

A. A. Olowu1
1University of Ife, Nigeria
Cite this article:  Olowu, A. A. (1986). The effects of social class differences on the self-concepts of some Nigerian adolescents. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 14(2), 171-176.

Volume 14 Issue 2 | e497 | Published: August 1986 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1986.14.2.171

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A purpose-built Semantic Differential Scale was administered to 372 adolescents; 118 from middle class homes and 254 from lower socioeconomic homes. There were 264 boys and 108 girls with a mean age of 16.7 years. The results showed that adolescents from middle class homes had more significantly positive self-concepts than those from lower class homes. The lower class adolescents had more positive self-concepts than their counterparts on only the religious-non-religious scale (p < .001). The observed differences were discussed. It was suggested that concerted effort should be made in homes and schools to enhance the self-concepts of adolescents, particularly those from low socioeconomic status groups.


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