The effects of verbal pain stimuli on the behavior of children

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Richard A. Dubanoski
Abe Tokioka
Cite this article:  Dubanoski, R., & Tokioka, A. (1981). The effects of verbal pain stimuli on the behavior of children. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 9(2), 159-162.


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In this experiment young boys and girls were presented with either verbal pain or nonpain stimuli contingent or noncontingent on a target response. These stimuli were delivered within an aggressive or nonaggressive setting and with or without affect. The pain stimuli had both a reinforcing and an instigating effect on the behavior of the boys. For the girls, the pain stimuli served a reinforcing function but had a tendency to inhibit overall responding. Although type of setting did not influence the behavior of the children, the stimuli delivered in an affective manner facilitated the responding more than did a non-affective presentation.
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