Self-esteem and depression in a Taiwanese population: A meta-analysis

Shu-Jiuan Chen1, Chia-Hui Chiu2, Chiungjung Huang3
1Graduate Institute of Education, National Changhua University of Education, Taiwan
2Department of Foreign Languages and Literature, Tunghai University, Taiwan
3National Changhua University of Education, Graduate Institute of Education, Taiwan
Cite this article:  Chen, S.-J., Chiu, C.-H., & Huang, C. (2013). Self-esteem and depression in a Taiwanese population: A meta-analysis. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 41(4), 577-586.

Volume 41 Issue 4 | e2961 | Published: May 2013 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.4.577

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In this study we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the relationship between self-esteem and depression, and the moderating effects on this relationship. The 50 studies included in the meta-analysis yielded 59 effect sizes with a total of 32,005 participants sampled in Taiwan. The mean correlation between self-esteem and depression was large ( = -.48). The effects of participants’ gender, age, and birth cohort, and of the publication status on the relationship between self-esteem and depression were not significant. However, this relationship differed significantly among the 4 evaluated sample types of students, students with special needs, the general population other than students, and physically ill people. Given the strong correlation between self-esteem and depression in children, parents and teachers should pay special attention to self-esteem. Additionally, as self-esteem had a strong correlation with depression in physically ill people, their family members and medical care providers should be advised to monitor their self-esteem carefully.

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