The ineffectiveness of group interventions for female Turkish migrants with recurrent depression

Walter Renner1, John W. Berry2
1University of Innsbruck and Private University of Health Sciences, Medical Informatics, and Technology at Hall, Austria
2Queen’s University, Canada
Cite this article:  Renner, W., & Berry, J. (2011). The ineffectiveness of group interventions for female Turkish migrants with recurrent depression. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 39, 1217-1234.

Volume 39 Issue 9 | e2207 | Published: October 2011 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.9.1217

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We tested group interventions for women with a Turkish migration background living in Austria and suffering from recurrent depression. Sixty-six participants were randomized to: (1) self-help groups (SHG), (2) cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) groups, or (3) a wait-list (WL) control condition. Neither SHG nor CBT were superior to WL. On an individual basis, approximately one third of the participants showed significant improvements with respect to symptoms of depression. Younger women, women who had lived in Austria for longer, and those who had encountered a higher number of traumatic experiences, showed increased improvement of depressive symptoms. The results suggest that individual treatment by ethnic, female psychotherapists should be used instead of group interventions.

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