Gender, gender role, and creativity

Geniffer Stoltzfus1, Brady Leigh Nibbelink1, Debra Vredenburg1, Elizabeth Thyrum1
1Millersville University, United States
Cite this article:  Stoltzfus, G., Nibbelink, B. L., Vredenburg, D., & Thyrum, E. (2011). Gender, gender role, and creativity. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 39(3), 425-432.

Volume 39 Issue 3 | e2124 | Published: April 2011 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2011.39.3.425

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Undergraduate students (136) were assessed with 3 measures of creative ability and a gender role measure to explore relationships between gender, gender role, and creativity. Male participants’ performance on the creativity measures generally was better than that of females, with significant differences in 2 specific creativity tasks. Androgynous individuals’ creative productions were judged to be superior to those of participants representing other gender role categories. Further analysis revealed the highest levels of creativity in men who strongly identified with feminine gender role characteristics, with androgynous women recording the next highest scores. Undifferentiated men and women, and highly feminine women achieved low creativity scores. Both men and women who reported strongly masculine gender role characteristics surpassed the performance of undifferentiated participants.

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