Effects of goal orientation, error orientation and self-efficacy on performance in an uncertain situation

Alicia Arenas1, Carmen Tabernero2, Elena Briones1
1University of Salamanca, Spain
2University of Cordoba, Spain
Cite this article:  Arenas, A., Tabernero, C., & Briones, E. (2006). Effects of goal orientation, error orientation and self-efficacy on performance in an uncertain situation. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34, 569-586.

Volume 34 Issue 5 | e1499 | Published: June 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.5.569

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In this study we explored the interrelationships among goal orientation, self-regulatory mechanisms, and error orientation with a view to predicting performance in a management task involving decision making at a furniture factory in an uncertain situation. The sample was randomly assigned as a control group and an experimental group, but only the participants in the latter group received fictitious information about job insecurity in the furniture sector. Successive self-assessments evaluated their judgments about self-efficacy and emotional state during the task. The results show that, initially, the setting of uncertainty negatively affects self-regulatory mechanisms and performance; this effect disappears with time, while affective state and a positive error orientation guarantee better long-term performance.

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