The status of self-control and its relation to drug abuse-related behaviors among Iranian male high school students

Hamid Allahverdipour1, Alireza Hidarnia2, Anoushiravan Kazamnegad2, Froug Shafii3, Parviz Azad Fallah2, Azita Emami4
1University of Tarbiat Modares and Medical Sciences University of Hamadan, Iran
2University of Tarbiat Modares, Iran
3Medical Sciences University of Tehran, Iran
4Karolinska Institute, Sweden
Cite this article:  Allahverdipour, H., Hidarnia, A., Kazamnegad, A., Shafii, F., Azad Fallah, P., & Emami, A. (2006). The status of self-control and its relation to drug abuse-related behaviors among Iranian male high school students. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34(4), 413-424.

Volume 34 Issue 4 | e1485 | Published: May 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.4.413

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In this study we examined relationships between self-control status and substance abuse and substance abuse-related behaviors. Male high school students (N = 183) completed a questionnaire assessing self-control, resistance self-efficacy, behavioral intention not to use drugs, negative attitudes toward drug use, and substance abuse-related behaviors. Students with poor self-control reported that they had used drugs and smoked to a significant extent; they also experienced pressure from their peers to use drugs and smoke. Students with poor self-control reported being exposed to violence from parents and tended to avoid school. A significantly inverse relationship between poor self-control, intention, and attitudes towards drug abuse was found among these students. Adolescents with poor self-control are vulnerable to substance abuse and social self-control training skills are relevant in substance abuse prevention programs.

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