Are "good soldiers" safety conscious? An examination of the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviors and perception of workplace safety

Seth Ayim Gyekye1, Simo Salminen2
1University of Helsinki, Finland
2Finnish Occupational Health Center, Finland
Cite this article:  Gyekye, S. A., & Salminen, S. (2005). Are "good soldiers" safety conscious? An examination of the relationship between organizational citizenship behaviors and perception of workplace safety. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 33(8), 805-820.

Volume 33 Issue 8 | e1438 | Published: December 2005 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2005.33.8.805

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In this study we examined the relationship between safety climate and organizational citizenship behaviors (OCB) using a comparative analysis between workers active in citizenship behaviors and their colleagues who were passive or inactive regarding OCBs. Additional analyses were also conducted to compare job satisfaction, compliance with safe work policies, and accident frequency between the two groups; t tests were used in these comparative analyses. A positive association was found between safety perception and OCBs: workers who actively engaged in citizenship behaviors had positive perceptions of safety in their workplaces, and vice versa. Additionally, the group active in OCBs expressed more job satisfaction, were more compliant with safety management policies, and subsequently had a relatively lower accident involvement rate. The implications of these findings in the work environment are discussed.

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