Helping behavior and social exchange

Michael E. Enzle1, Charles A. Lowe2
1University of Alberta, Canada
2University of Connecticut, United States
Cite this article:  Enzle, M., & Lowe, C. (1976). Helping behavior and social exchange. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 4, 261-266.

Volume 4 Issue 2 | e135 | Published: August 1976 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1976.4.2.261

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Social exchange theory was employed to predict instigative helping behavior as a function of 2 types of resources available to the recipient for reciprocation (social and non-social). Prior to participants’ opportunity to help a partner through their performance on a manual dexterity task, the conditions of a 2 × 2 factorial design were established by informing participants that their partner would or would not later be able to (a) express the extent of her attraction toward them and (b) distribute a monetary benefit to them. The possibility of influencing reciprocation of both types of resources produced significant increases in participants’ helping.
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