The impact of life coaching on goal attainment, metacognition, and mental health

Anthony M. Grant1
1University of Sydney, Australia
Cite this article:  Grant, A. M. (2003). The impact of life coaching on goal attainment, metacognition, and mental health. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 31, 253-264.

Volume 31 Issue 3 | e1244 | Published: May 2003 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2003.31.3.253

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Despite its high media profile and growing popularity there have been no empirical investigations of the impact of life coaching on goal attainment, metacognition or mental health. This exploratory study used life coaching as a means of exploring key metacognitive factors involved as individuals move towards goal attainment. In a within-subjects design, twenty adults completed a life coaching program. Participation in the program was associated with enhanced mental health, quality of life and goal attainment. In terms of metacognition, levels of self-reflection decreased and levels of insight increased. Life coaching has promise as an effective approach to personal development and goal attainment, and may prove to be a useful platform for a positive psychology and the investigation of the psychological mechanisms involved in purposeful change in normal, nonclinical populations.
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