Effects of self-efficacy and social support on the mental health conditions of mutual-aid organization members

Siu-Kau Cheung1, Stephen Y. K. Sun1
1City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong
Cite this article:  Cheung, S. , & Sun, S. Y. (2000). Effects of self-efficacy and social support on the mental health conditions of mutual-aid organization members. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 28, 413-422.

Volume 28 Issue 5 | e1047 | Published: October 2000 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2000.28.5.413

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The present study examined the effects of self-efficacy and social support on the mental health of 65 members of a mutual-aid organization in Hong Kong. Participants had anxiety and depressive problems and had received cognitive-behavioral treatment before they joined the mutual-aid groups in the organization. A three-wave design was adopted, and participants filled in measures including the General Health Questionnaire, the State Anxiety Inventory, the Centre of Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, the General Self-efficacy Scale, and the Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey. Regression analyses showed that residualized self-efficacy was a strong predictor of the mental health variables. Effects of social support, both functional and structural, were mainly mediated by self-efficacy.


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