Leadership style and personality of mock jurors and the effect on sentencing decisions

Paul M. Valliant1, Jennifer E. Loring1
1Laurentian University, Canada
Cite this article:  Valliant, P. M., & Loring, J. E. (1998). Leadership style and personality of mock jurors and the effect on sentencing decisions. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 26(4), 421-424.

Volume 26 Issue 4 | e943 | Published: November 1998 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1998.26.4.421

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Attitudes toward sentencing decisions were examined in 135 university students. Participants were administered the Leadership Ability Evaluation (LAE) and the California Psychological Inventory (CPI) and were asked to make sentencing decisions regarding 2 mock criminal matters. Data were evaluated using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). In comparison to other leadership styles, individuals who had a democratic-cooperative leadership style scored significantly higher on personality variables of good impression, self-control, tolerance, and achievement via independence than other leadership styles. In the autocratic-aggressive group, males scored much lower on communality than females. The females in the study scored significantly lower than males on social presence, socialization, and good impression. A 2 way interaction was noted for leadership style and gender for sentencing. Females with a democratic-cooperative leadership style were significantly harsher in sentencing than males from the same group.


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