Measuring social self-efficacy in a culturally diverse student population

Cynthia Fan1, Anita S. Mak2
1Victoria University of Technology, Australia
2University of Canberra, Australia
Cite this article:  Fan, C., & Mak, A. S. (1998). Measuring social self-efficacy in a culturally diverse student population. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 26(2), 131-144.

Volume 26 Issue 2 | e916 | Published: May 1998 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1998.26.2.131

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In this paper we report the construction and validation of a measure of social self-efficacy in a range of social interaction situations commonly experienced by tertiary students, including situations posing special concern to recent arrivals to the Australian educational setting. Participants in the first study were 228 undergraduate students. Among these, 91 were Australia-born with English-speaking-background parents, 90 were also Australia-born but had parents from a non-English-speaking back-ground, and 47 were overseas-born with NESB parents. Item and factor analyses yielded a 20-item, 4-factor Social Self-Efficacy Scale for Students. The 4 factors were absence of social difficulties, social confidence, sharing interests, and friendship initiatives. Evidence of the scale’s satisfactory internal consistency reliability, and its concurrent and construct validity is presented. Indication of satisfactory test-retest reliability was obtained from a second sample of 16 university students. Applications and directions for further research are discussed
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