Institutional environment and entrepreneurial intention of academics in China

Wei Ju1, Xiaohu Zhou2
1School of Economics and Management and Taizhou Institute of Science and Technology, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, People’s Republic of China
2School of Economics and Management, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Ju, W., & Zhou, X. (2020). Institutional environment and entrepreneurial intention of academics in China. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 48(4), e8945.

Volume 48 Issue 4 | e8945 | Published: April 2020 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.8945

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Using the entrepreneurial event model, the theory of planned behavior, and institutional theory, we investigated the influence of 4 dimensions of the Chinese institutional environment on academics’ entrepreneurial intention, and examined the moderating role of entrepreneurial self-efficacy in this relationship. Results of our analysis of 303 university scientists across 5 representative provinces in China show that a regulatory and a cognitive environment both had a positive effect on entrepreneurial intention, whereas the effects of a normative and a conducive environment were nonsignificant. In addition, entrepreneurial self-efficacy played a positive role in moderating the influence of regulatory and cognitive environments on entrepreneurial intention. Therefore, a systematic reconstruction of Chinese institutional policy and culture, as well as institutional reform, are needed to enhance Chinese academics’ entrepreneurial intention.

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