Adolescent smoking behavior and communication with parents: Depression as a mediator and gender as a moderator

Xieping Chen1, Qian Xie1, Yuting Yang2
1School of Education Science, Leshan Normal University, People’s Republic of China
2Education College, The University of Sydney, Australia
Cite this article:  Chen, X., Xie, Q., & Yang, Y. (2019). Adolescent smoking behavior and communication with parents: Depression as a mediator and gender as a moderator. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 47(10), e8262.

Volume 47 Issue 10 | e8262 | Published: October 2019 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.8262

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Parent–adolescent communication is assumed to be an important factor affecting adolescent smoking behavior. However, the inner mechanism accounting for this association has still not been clarified in research. Our purpose in this study was to examine the relationships between parent–adolescent communication, adolescent smoking behavior, and depression, as well as gender differences in the relationship between depression and adolescent smoking behavior. Participants were 1,134 students at 6 junior high schools in China who completed the Parent–Adolescent Communication Scale, the Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale, and the Smoking Behavior Test. Results showed that parent–adolescent communication had a significant negative effect on adolescent smoking behavior and depression partially mediated the relationship between parent–adolescent communication and adolescent smoking behavior. In addition, gender moderated the relationship between depression and adolescent smoking behavior. Overall, these findings may help to promote better understanding of the relationship between parent–adolescent communication and adolescent smoking behavior.

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