Confirmatory factor analysis of the Beck Anxiety Inventory among earthquake survivors in China

Jing An1, Minjiang Yu2, Mingwang Cheng3, Guoshen Chen4, Guoqiang  Rui2, Tan Li5, Chunyu Yang5
1School of Economics and Management, and Business School, Changzhou Institute of Technology and The University of Auckland, People’s Republic of China
2Collaborative Innovation Center for New Urbanization and Social Governance of Jiangsu Province, School of Politics and Public Administration, Soochow University, People’s Republic of China
3School of Economics and Management, Tongji University, People’s Republic of China
4Department of Urban Management, Shandong Agricultural University, People’s Republic of China
5School of Economics and Management, Changzhou Institute of Technology, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  An, J., Yu, M., Cheng, M., Chen, G., Rui, G., Li, T., & Yang, C. (2018). Confirmatory factor analysis of the Beck Anxiety Inventory among earthquake survivors in China. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46(9), 1461-1474.

Volume 46 Issue 9 | e7212 | Published: September 2018 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.7212

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We explored the factor structure of the Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI) with a sample of 523 people aged 21–44 years from 4 counties and districts in the city of Ya’an, China, who had survived the 2013 earthquake there. Exploratory factor analysis was used to identify the potential factor structure of the BAI and confirmatory factor analysis was used to evaluate the goodness of fit of the factor structure model. The results indicated that the BAI had satisfactory reliability and validity but that the factor structure was unstable; therefore, it was difficult to name the 4 extracted factors. However, in general, our results showed that the BAI is an appropriate instrument to use for detecting the anxiety level of earthquake survivors in China.

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