Factors influencing depression in Chinese civil servants

Xuena Huang1, Qilong Cao2, Liu Liu3, Jun Yao4, Guoqiang Rui5
1School of Philosophy and Public Management, Liaoning University, People’s Republic of China
2Business School, Changzhou University, People’s Republic of China
3School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Nanjing University, People’s Republic of China
4School of Health Policy and Management, Nanjing Medical University, People’s Republic of China
5Collaborative Innovation Center for New Urbanization and Social Governance of Jiangsu Province, School of Politics and Public Administration, Soochow University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Huang, X., Cao, Q., Liu, L., Yao, J., & Rui, G. (2018). Factors influencing depression in Chinese civil servants. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46(8), 1233-1244.

Volume 46 Issue 8 | e7094 | Published: August 2018 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.7094

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We analyzed depression in Chinese civil servants, using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD) and a survey completed by people employed by the Civil Service in 6 cities in eastern China. The results showed that the HAMD is a valid and effective measure for assessing depression in Chinese civil servants. As we had assumed, Chinese civil servants manifested a strong sense of despair, which was consistent between the genders. In general, however, depression had a greater impact on female than on male civil servants. In the linear regression model with demographic variables as independent variables, we found that gender, education level, and marital status were significant predictive factors of depression, but income and age were not. We suggest that although civil servants may enjoy a more lucrative job and a better material lifestyle compared to other people in China, the issue of their mental health merits attention.

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