How supervisor narcissism contributes to employee silence: Roles of negative anticipations and leader–member exchange

Hua-qiang Wang1, Guang-lei Zhang2, Zhi-hui Ding3, Zhi-hui Cheng4
1School of Management, and School of Public Administration, Yangtze University and Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, People’s Republic of China
2School of Management, Wuhan University of Technology, People’s Republic of China
3School of Public Administration, Zhongnan University of Economics and Law, People’s Republic of China
4School of Business Administration, Hubei University of Economics, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Wang, H.-q., Zhang, G.-l., Ding, Z.-h., & Cheng, Z.-h. (2018). How supervisor narcissism contributes to employee silence: Roles of negative anticipations and leader–member exchange. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46(4), 653-666.

Volume 46 Issue 4 | e6815 | Published: April 2018 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.6815

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We integrated the theory of reasoned action and leader–member exchange (LMX) to construct a research model of the relationship between supervisor narcissism and employee silence. Through a 3-wave survey with 292 employees of 3 Chinese companies, we examined the relationship between supervisor narcissism and employee silence, the mediating role of negative anticipations, and the moderating role of LMX. Results showed that supervisor narcissism had a significant positive impact on employee silence, and negative anticipations played a partial mediating role between them. LMX significantly moderated the relationship between supervisor narcissism and negative anticipations, with a positive correlation between supervisor narcissism and negative anticipations that was more significant in the condition of low LMX than in high LMX. We also found that LMX negatively moderated the mediating effect of negative anticipations on the relationship between supervisor narcissism and employee silence, whereby the higher the quality of the LMX the weaker was the mediating effect.

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