Depression, suicidal ideation, and knowledge of suicidal behavior among Chinese university freshmen

Yirong Chen1, Yongle Kang2, Yongle Lin3
1School of Education Science, School of Psychology, and Mental Health Educatino Center, Quanzhou Normal University, Central China Normal University, and Quanzhou College of Technology, People’s Republic of China
2Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences and University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, People’s Republic of China
3School of Education Science, Quanzhou Normal University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Chen, Y., Kang, Y., & Lin, Y. (2017). Depression, suicidal ideation, and knowledge of suicidal behavior among Chinese university freshmen. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 45(8), 1375-1384.

Volume 45 Issue 8 | e6347 | Published: September 2017 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.6347

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We explored the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation among Chinese university freshmen, and also the moderating role of knowledge of suicidal behavior in this relationship. A sample of 1,150 Chinese university freshmen completed the Symptom Checklist-90-Revised to evaluate their depression symptoms, the Suicide Attitude Inventory to evaluate their knowledge of suicidal behavior, and the Youth Self-Report Form to evaluate suicidal ideation. Results showed that knowledge of suicidal behavior had a negative relationship with both depression and suicidal ideation, between which there was a significant positive relationship. This relationship was moderated by knowledge of suicidal behavior. The enhancement of freshmen’s knowledge of suicidal behavior may help prevent suicidal ideation among the students, and buffer the effect of depression on suicidal ideation.

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