Comparison of school readiness between rural and urban Chinese preschool children

Yongtao Gan1, Lijun Meng1, Junjun Xie2
1School of Education, South-Central University for Nationalities, People’s Republic of China
2Hainan Medical University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Gan, Y., Meng, L., & Xie, J. (2016). Comparison of school readiness between rural and urban Chinese preschool children. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(9), 1429-1442.

Volume 44 Issue 9 | e5442 | Published: October 2016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.9.1429

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Children’s future academic success may depend on their readiness to learn and participate in preschool education. We examined school readiness differences in a sample of rural and urban preschool children (N = 82) from Zunyi, China, using the School Readiness Test Battery. The results indicated that school readiness differed between rural and urban children; rural children scored lower on emotional and social skills, basic knowledge, and drawing and language competence subtests than did urban students, but higher on sport skills, and understanding of both time and space. Thus, improving the early education of rural children will likely help to decrease the school readiness differences between rural and urban children.

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