Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Positive Empathy Scale among undergraduates

Tong Yue1, Jia Wei2, Xiting Huang2, Yuhan Jiang3
1Faculty of Psychology , Southwest University, People’s Republic of China
2Faculty of Psychology, Southwest University, People’s Republic of China
3College of Humanities, Shandong Management University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Yue, T., Wei, J., Huang, X., & Jiang, Y. (2016). Psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the Positive Empathy Scale among undergraduates. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(1), 131-138.

Volume 44 Issue 1 | e4911 | Published: February 2016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.1.131

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We translated and examined the psychometric properties of a Chinese version of the Positive Empathy Scale (PES). Exploratory factor analysis (N = 428) and confirmatory factor analysis (N = 503) were performed on data from 2 undergraduate samples to examine the scale’s construct validity, and the convergent, divergent, and concurrent validity, and test–retest reliability were also assessed (n = 87). The analyses showed that the PES had a single factor, a Cronbach’s alpha of .837, and a test–retest reliability coefficient (4-week interval) of .78. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the scale’s structure was satisfactory. It was strongly correlated with measures of similar constructs (e.g., empathic concern, positive affect), but not with measures of dissimilar psychological constructs (e.g., personal distress). The scale also had a positive correlation with prosocial behavior and well-being. Thus, the Chinese version of the PES is a suitable measure of positive empathy for Chinese undergraduates.

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