Developing a scale to measure total impression of synthetic house-tree-person drawings

Daiki Kato1, Mikie Suzuki2
1Department of Human Sciences, Kinjo Gakuin University, Japan
2Psychotherapy Center, Kinjo Gakuin University, Japan
Cite this article:  Kato, D., & Suzuki, M. (2016). Developing a scale to measure total impression of synthetic house-tree-person drawings. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(1), 19-28.

Volume 44 Issue 1 | e4903 | Published: February 2016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.1.19

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We developed a scoring scale for the method of total impression of projective drawing. We focused especially on the Synthetic House-Tree-Person (S-HTP) projective drawing technique. First, we asked 7 clinical psychology graduate students to write down key words that they associated with total impressions of S-HTP drawings. Second, we selected 35 items based on these words and developed the Scale for Total Impression of Drawings (STID). Using the STID, 6 clinical psychologists rated 30 S-HTP pictures drawn by Japanese junior high school students. Finally, we selected 12 descriptive words as items and results of confirmatory factor analysis indicated that the STID was divided into 4 subscales we labeled as vitality, reality, themes, and gentleness. These converged with 2 higher factors of emotional stability and context consistency. Fit indexes of the model were sufficient.

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