Anxiety and mind wandering as independent consequences of stereotype threat

Aitao Lu1, Yi Feng2, Haiping Tian1, Zuwei Yu3, Xiuxiu Hong2, Dongping Zheng4
1Center for Studies of Psychological Application and School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, and Guangdong Center of Mental Assistance and Contingency Technique for Emergency, People’s Republic of China
2Center for Studies of Psychological Application and School of Psychology , South China Normal University, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, and Guangdong Center of Mental Assistance and Contingency Technique for Emergency, People’s Republic of China
3Department of Management, Open University of Guangzhou, People’s Republic of China
4Department of Second Language Studies, University of Hawaii, United States
Cite this article:  Lu, A., Feng, Y., Tian, H., Yu, Z., Hong, X., & Zheng, D. (2015). Anxiety and mind wandering as independent consequences of stereotype threat. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 43(4), 537-546.

Volume 43 Issue 4 | e4399 | Published: May 2015 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2015.43.4.537

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We investigated the mediating effects of anxiety and mind wandering in the relationship between stereotype threat and academic performance, testing our multiple mediation model with 5,000 bootstrap samples. The participants were 76 female undergraduate students at South China Normal University. Results showed that both anxiety and mind wandering independently mediated the relationship between stereotype threat and the women’s mathematics performance. These findings underscore the importance of integrating anxiety and mind wandering to understand how stereotype threat impacts academic performance. Suggestions for future research are offered.

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