Adolescent peer pressure, leisure boredom, and substance use in low-income Cape Town communities

Gaironeesa Hendricks1, Shazly Savahl1, Maria Florence1
1Department of Psychology, University of the Western Cape, South Africa
Cite this article:  Hendricks, G., Savahl, S., & Florence, M. (2015). Adolescent peer pressure, leisure boredom, and substance use in low-income Cape Town communities. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 43(1), 99-110.

Volume 43 Issue 1 | e4001 | Published: February 2015 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2015.43.1.99

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The aim in this study was to determine whether or not peer pressure and leisure boredom influenced substance use among adolescents in low-income communities in Cape Town, South Africa. Nonprobability sampling was used to select 291 adolescents aged between 16 and 18 years who were attending schools in 2 low-income communities in Cape Town. The research instruments were the Drug Use Disorders Identification Test, the Resistance to Peer Influence measure, and the Leisure Boredom Scale. Multiple regression analysis showed that the combined influence of peer pressure and leisure boredom predicted substance use among the adolescents. Of the two factors, peer pressure was the stronger predictor of substance use.

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