Helping behavior: Effects of sex and self-typing

Susan Basow1, Donna Crawley2
1Lafayette College, United States
2Cornell University, United States
Cite this article:  Basow, S., & Crawley, D. (1982). Helping behavior: Effects of sex and self-typing. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 10(1), 69-72.

Volume 10 Issue 1 | e354 | Published: February 1982 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1982.10.1.69

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Two male and two female experimenters asked 178 adult shoppers to fill out a questionnaire. Refusal data showed a cross-sex effect, with individuals helping other-sex experimenters more than same-sex experimenters. The effects of helper sex, helper sex-typing, helpee sex, and situation sex-typing were examined by means of questionnaires administered to the final sample of 120 adults. A non-sex-typed helping behavior was used. Results showed a significant three-way interaction among helper sex, helpee sex, and situation sex-type. Helper sex-typing did not have any significant effects. Results are discussed in terms of the different social norms governing female and male prosocial behaviors.
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