Justice norms in allocation decisions: Need consideration as a function of resource adequacy for complete need satisfaction. recipients' contributions, and recipients' interpersonal attraction

Thomas Schwinger1, Helmut Lamm2
1Universitat Mannheim, Germany
2Universitat Köln, Germany
Cite this article:  Schwinger, T., & Lamm, H. (1981). Justice norms in allocation decisions: Need consideration as a function of resource adequacy for complete need satisfaction. recipients' contributions, and recipients' interpersonal attraction. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 9(2), 235-242.

Volume 9 Issue 2 | e345 | Published: August 1981 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1981.9.2.235

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The assumption was examined that allocations based on the need principle of distributive justice are dependent upon characteristics of the allocation situation. In a questionnaire experiment, 96 male subjects indicated how they would allocate money between two hypothetical persons who needed different sums of money. Experimental variations included: The possibility/impossibility of entirely satisfying the recipients' needs with the available amount of money; and the interpersonal attraction between the recipients. It was found that the needier person received a larger share (a) when the available sum of money was sufficient to satisfy the persons' needs as opposed to when it was insufficient; (b) when the needier person contributed as much as his partner toward earning the money rather than less; and (c) when the recipients were close friends rather than superficial acquaintances.
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