Effects of culture and social cynicism on anxious attachment transference from mother to partner

Yueran Wen1, Liu Liu2, Chunyong Yuan3
1School of Labor and Human Resources, Renmin University of China, People’s Republic of China
2School of Arts, Renmin University of China, People’s Republic of China
3People’s Liberation Army Nanjing Institute of Politics, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Wen, Y., Liu, L., & Yuan, C. (2013). Effects of culture and social cynicism on anxious attachment transference from mother to partner. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 41(8), 1253-1266.

Volume 41 Issue 8 | e3251 | Published: September 2013 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.8.1253

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We examined the role of culture and social cynicism beliefs in the transference of an anxious attachment style from mother to romantic partner among a group of undergraduates from the US (n = 200) and Hong Kong (n = 147). The results showed that anxious attachment to mother and to partner was moderately correlated among both cultural groups. However, social cynicism beliefs were found to moderate the relationship between anxious attachment to mother and attachment to partner among U.S. but not Hong Kong Chinese participants. This observed differential effect of social cynicism beliefs could be explained by differences in self-direction values across the 2 cultural groups. The findings in the study are of theoretical significance as they provide insights for further research on the influences of cultural variables and personal beliefs on attachment transference.

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