Interrelations of gender schemas in children and adolescents: Attitudes, preferences, and self-perceptions

Margaret L. Signorella1, Irene Hanson Frieze2
1Pennsylvania State University, United States
2University of Pittsburgh, United States
Cite this article:  Signorella, M. L., & Hanson Frieze, I. (2008). Interrelations of gender schemas in children and adolescents: Attitudes, preferences, and self-perceptions. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 36(7), 941-954.

Volume 36 Issue 7 | e1767 | Published: August 2008 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.7.941

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To test developmental aspects of gender schema theories, girls in grades 2 to 12 were given measures of gender role attitudes, self-perceptions on gender related traits, reported participation in gender related activities, preferred occupation, and adult family preferences. Both children’s and adolescents’ results showed a multifactor structure. Children’s results differed from adolescents’ in that children had more measures showing significant age trends, with a general pattern of decreasing stereotyping with age. Children also had stronger associations among diverse measures than did adolescents. Results were consistent with both multifactorial and cognitive-developmental approaches to the development of gender schemas, and provided limited support for adolescent gender intensification hypotheses.

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