A probabilistic model of attribution applied to an achievement situation

Valerie A. Valle1, Ronald Valle1
1University of Pittsburgh, United States
Cite this article:  Valle, V. A., & Valle, R. (1977). A probabilistic model of attribution applied to an achievement situation. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 5(1), 113-124.

Volume 5 Issue 1 | e162 | Published: February 1977 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1977.5.1.113

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A model of the attribution process based upon an observer's probability estimates is presented. Four hypotheses were tested using hypothetical achievement situations. Subjects were presented with a student's present quiz grade, the class average, and the student's average on past quizzes. Five levels for each of these three independent variables created a 5x5x5 factorial design. The model assumed that the results of achievement behavior can be attributed either internally or externally and either stably or unstably. The dependent variables were subjects' ratings of the level and importance of ability, effort, task difficulty, and luck as possible causes for the student's present quiz grade. Three of the four hypotheses were strongly supported. The advantages and implications of this approach are discussed.
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