A cross-cultural validation of adolescent self-concept in two cultures: Japan and Sweden

Saori Nishikawa1, Torsten Norlander2, Per Fransson1, Elisabet Sundbom1
1Umeå University, Sweden
2Karlstad University, Sweden
Cite this article:  Nishikawa, S., Norlander, T., Fransson, P., & Sundbom, E. (2007). A cross-cultural validation of adolescent self-concept in two cultures: Japan and Sweden. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 35, 269-286.

Volume 35 Issue 2 | e1571 | Published: March 2007 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2007.35.2.269

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The psychometric properties of the SDQII (Self-Description Questionnaire II; Marsh, 1992) were examined, and the extent to which Japanese and Swedish adolescents differ in their self-concepts and actual-ideal discrepancies was investigated. Further gender differences were explored. The SDQII and Actual-Ideal Questionnaires (designed for this study) were administered to 144 Japanese and 96 Swedish adolescents (range = 14 to 15 years). The main results show that the psychometric properties of the SDQII were satisfactory in both cultures, making these instruments useful in further investigations. Japanese adolescents generally reported a lower self-concept (with the exception of physical and math self-concepts) and higher self-discrepancies than did the Swedish adolescents. In addition, the gender differences were smaller compared to the influence of the cultural effect.

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