Hierarchical dimensions of coping styles: A study conducted with Turkish university students

Faruk Gençöz1, Tülin Gençöz1, Özlem Bozo1
1Middle East Technical University, Turkey
Cite this article:  Gençöz, F., Gençöz, T., & Bozo, . (2006). Hierarchical dimensions of coping styles: A study conducted with Turkish university students. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 34, 525-534.

Volume 34 Issue 5 | e1495 | Published: June 2006 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2006.34.5.525

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An empirical examination was carried out of the hierarchical dimensions of coping styles in a Turkish sample. Ways of coping data were collected from 194 university students, subjected to factor analysis and 5 factors were obtained. These factors were subjected to second-order factor analysis which revealed 3 main dimensions. As predicted the first 2 dimensions were problem-focused coping and emotion-focused coping. The third dimension consisted of items related to seeking social support, implying the presence and importance of an indirect coping style. In addition to construct validity, Guttman split-half reliability and criterion validity of these 3 higher order factors revealed good reliability and validity outcomes. It was also emphasized that these 3 higher order factors constituted independent dimensions of coping styles. Implications of the results are discussed.

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