The relationship between expectancy of success and task difficulty as a function of absolute and relative success criteria

Ronald Goldsmith1, James Ascough2, Ronald Ettinger3
1University of Washington
2Purdue University
3Sangamon State University
Cite this article:  Goldsmith, R., Ascough, J., & Ettinger, R. (1976). The relationship between expectancy of success and task difficulty as a function of absolute and relative success criteria. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 4, 277-282.

Volume 4 Issue 2 | e137 | Published: August 1976 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1976.4.2.277

Abstract
Full Text
References
Tables and Figures
Acknowledgements
Author Contact

Participants made expectancy of success (Ps) statements in a dart throwing task under 2 success criterion conditions. In an absolute criterion condition, participants estimated the probability of their gaining a fixed number of points on trials at increasing distances from the target. Participants in a relative success criterion condition estimated where they would rank in a group of 100 participants on each trial. A significant difference in linear trends (p <0.001) between the criterion groups was obtained, with Ps remaining relatively constant across difficulty levels in the relative criterion condition while declining rapidly as a function of task difficulty in the absolute criterion condition. Implications regarding the generality of the expectancy variable in the Akinson-Feather motivational model are discussed.

Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.
Please login and/or purchase the PDF to view the full article.