Zuckerman-Kuhlman's Personality Questionnaire in patients with major depression

Wei Wang1, Shouzengh Zhu1, Yehan Wang2, Ming Cao3, Jianhua Gu4, Jianhui Liu2
1Anhui Provincial Hospital, People’s Republic of China
2Anhui Medical University, People’s Republic of China
3Capital Normal University, People’s Republic of China
4Hefei Psychiatric Hospital, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Wang, W., Zhu, S., Wang, Y., Cao, M., Gu, J., & Liu, J. (2002). Zuckerman-Kuhlman's Personality Questionnaire in patients with major depression. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 30(8), 757-764.

Volume 30 Issue 8 | e1214 | Published: December 2002 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2002.30.8.757

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Depression influences personality measures like Eysenck's Big Three, Costa and McCrae's Big Five or Cloninger's Seven Factor models, and might also affect Zuckerman-Kuhlman's Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ), an alternative five-factor model. The authors therefore tested ZKPQ in 85 patients suffering from major depression and in 82 healthy subjects in order to clarify this effect. Depressive mood was measured USING Plutchik and van Praag's Depression Inventory (PVP). Patients scored significantly higher on PVP, Neuroticism-Anxiety and Aggression-Hostility, but lower on Activity and Sociability than did healthy volunteers. In the general sample (N = 167), Neuroticism-Anxiety and Aggression-Hostility scores were positively correlated, while the Sociability score was negatively correlated with the PVP score. These results indicate that when the clinical significance relating to personality traits in patients is interpreted, depressive mood must also be considered.

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