Teacher characteristics as predictors of teacher–student relationships: Stress, negative affect, and self-efficacy

Jina S. Yoon1
1Wayne State University, United States
Cite this article:  Yoon, J. S. (2002). Teacher characteristics as predictors of teacher–student relationships: Stress, negative affect, and self-efficacy. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 30(5), 485-494.

Volume 30 Issue 5 | e1187 | Published: August 2002 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2002.30.5.485

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Students' misbehavior has been consistently linked to teachers' reports of stress. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether or not teacher stress, negative affect, and self-efficacy predict the quality of student–teacher relationships. Participants included 113 elementary (K-5th) teachers in a metropolitan area in the United States. A survey method was used to measure teacher perceptions in working with difficult students and their relationships with students. Negative teacher–student relationships were predicted by teacher stress. Significant correlations were found among negative affect, teacher stress and negative relationships. Implications for teacher support and continuing education issues are discussed.
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