Performance during stress: Affective personality, age, and regularity of physical exercise

Torsten Norlander1, Sven-Ake Bood1, Trevor Archer2
1Karlstad University, Sweden
2Göteborg University, Sweden
Cite this article:  Norlander, T., Bood, S.-A., & Archer, T. (2002). Performance during stress: Affective personality, age, and regularity of physical exercise. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 30(5), 495-508.

Volume 30 Issue 5 | e1183 | Published: August 2002 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2002.30.5.495

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In order to study the role of stress upon performance as a function of age and personality type, participants were derived from three different occupational categories. Performance ability during stress and health condition of participants were studied through application of the Stroop Color and Word Test, the Stress and Energy Instrument, the Glare Pressure Test and systolic blood pressure measurements - whereas the four different personality types were derived through application of the Positive Affect (PA) and Negative Affect (NA) scales. It was found that self-actualization individuals (i.e. those demonstrating high positive affect and low negative affect) showed the best performance under the influence of stress whereas the high affective (i.e. high positive affect and high negative affect) showed the lowest levels of systolic blood pressure during resting. No differences in performance during stress were found between the younger and older participants encompassed by high positive affect, whereas an age difference was shown for high negative affect individuals. Regularity of exercise was associated with high positive affect and contributed to the ability of older participants to attain levels of performance comparable with those of younger participants.
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