Does Zhongyong thinking affect voice behavior? The mediating role of psychological safety

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Guodong Yang
Yingwei Ji
Qiumeng Xu
Cite this article:  Yang, G., Ji, Y., & Xu, Q. (2021). Does Zhongyong thinking affect voice behavior? The mediating role of psychological safety. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 49(8), e10469.


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Zhongyong, as a typical Confucian thinking model, is related to employees’ voice behavior. In this research we explored the relationship between Zhongyong thinking and employees’ voice behavior, and examined the mediating effect of psychological safety in this relationship. Survey data were collected from 218 part-time Master of Business Administration students from two Chinese universities. The structural equation modeling results demonstrate that Zhongyong thinking was positively related to psychological safety, and that psychological safety was positively related to voice behavior. Further, psychological safety mediated the Zhongyong thinking–voice behavior relationship. These results suggest that organizations can encourage voice behavior by enhancing employees’ Zhongyong thinking and by boosting their perception of psychological safety in the workplace.

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