Cross-cultural response styles on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory

Kunio Shiomi1, Robert Loo2
1Hyogo University of Teacher Education, Japan
2University of Lethbridge, Canada
Cite this article:  Shiomi, K., & Loo, R. (1999). Cross-cultural response styles on the Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 27(4), 413-420.

Volume 27 Issue 4 | e981 | Published: August 1999 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1999.27.4.413

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The Kirton Adaption-Innovation Inventory (KAI) is a widely-used measure used in cross-cultural and cross-national studies over the past 20 years. However, researchers have, in general, neglected the issue of cross-cultural response styles and simply accepted differences in KAI scores as indicators of real cross-cultural differences. In the present study we examined the KAI scores of Canadian and Japanese samples to identify any cross-national and gender differences in response styles. Overall, the results of analyses at the subscale and item-level suggest possible differences in cross-national response styles but not to any substantial degree. It is suggested that cross-cultural and gender differences in response styles may be diminishing, at least, in the industrialized nations. Several recommendations are presented to facilitate future study on this issue with the KAI.


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