The development and validation of a self-report measure of self-actualization

Richard Lefrancois1, Gilbert Leclerc1, M. Dube1, Rejean Hebert1, Philippe Gaulin1
1Sherbrooke Geriatric University Institute, Canada
Cite this article:  Lefrancois, R. , Leclerc, G. , Dube, M. , Hebert, R. , & Gaulin, P. (1997). The development and validation of a self-report measure of self-actualization. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 25, 353-366.

Volume 25 Issue 4 | e892 | Published: November 1997 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.1997.25.4.353

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A self-report measure of actualization of potential (MAP) was developed as an alternative to the Personal Orientation Inventory (POI) for assessing successful and functioning individuals. Study 1 describes the item selection carried out by means of a literature review, an international panel of 28 experts and two focus groups. In Study 2 construct validity was established with a sample of 414 subjects. A principal components analysis with oblique rotation reduced the initial item pool to 27, yielding a 5-factor solution. A second-order factor analysis revealed two major components, "self-reference" and "openness to experience". Study 3 achieved a full scale Cronbach's alpha to .90. Overall the new instrument provides both better theoretical and empirical evidence than the POI, and stronger psychometric properties.
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