Social support and mental health status of internal migrants in Beijing

Ying Zhou1, Jianhua Wang2
1Department of Liberal Arts and Social Sciences, Beijing Open University, People’s Republic of China
2School of Foreign Languages, Renmin University of China, and School of Foreign Languages, Shanxi Normal University, People’s Republic of China
Cite this article:  Zhou, Y., & Wang, J. (2020). Social support and mental health status of internal migrants in Beijing. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 48(4), e8193.

Volume 48 Issue 4 | e8193 | Published: April 2020 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.8193

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We investigated the mental health status of 320 internal migrants in Beijing according to gender, age, marital status, and monthly income, and examined the relationship between their mental health status and social support mechanisms. Participants completed the self-report Symptom Checklist-90-R and Social Support Rating Scale. Results showed that their mental health was significantly worse than the Chinese adult norm as assessed in 2017. Participants’ social support varied according to age, marital status, and monthly income. Female participants younger than 30 years old with a monthly income lower than 3,000 yuan comprised the group with the most mental health disorder symptoms. They thus required greater personal attention to their health. The results suggested that social support can predict mental health among internal migrants. Directions for further research are discussed.

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