A qualitative exploration of personality factors in breast cancer screening behavior

Mitra Savabi-Esfahani1, Fariba Taleghani2, Maryam Tabatabaeian3, Mahnaz Noroozi4, Elsebeth Lynge5
1Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
2Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, and Nursing and Midwifery Care Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
3Cancer Prevention Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
4Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
5Center of Epidemiology and Screening, Department of Public Health, University of Copenhagen, Denmark
Cite this article:  Savabi-Esfahani, M., Taleghani, F., Tabatabaeian, M., Noroozi, M., & Lynge, E. (2018). A qualitative exploration of personality factors in breast cancer screening behavior. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 46, 91-98.

Volume 46 Issue 1 | e6564 | Published: January 2018 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.6564

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Although the efficacy of breast cancer screening in Iran has improved, the participation of women is not yet at a satisfactory level. Some personality factors can prevent women from attending breast cancer screening and most tumors are still diagnosed at an advanced stage. We conducted a descriptive exploration study in which we recruited healthcare providers, policymakers, and clients in Iran as participants. We used conventional content analysis with an inductive approach and gathered data from 2 discussion groups and some semistructured interviews. Three main themes emerged from the analysis: selflessness, fatalistic beliefs, and emotional responses. These factors contributed to screening behavior as both inhibitors and facilitators. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

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