When does empowering leadership enhance employee creativity? A three-way interaction test

Gukdo Byun1, Ye Dai1, Soojin Lee2, Seung-Wan Kang3
1College of Business, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, United States
2College of Business Administration, Chonnam National University, Republic of Korea
3College of Business, Gachon University, Republic of Korea
Cite this article:  Byun, G., Dai, Y., Lee, S., & Kang, S.-W. (2016). When does empowering leadership enhance employee creativity? A three-way interaction test. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 44(9), 1555-1564.

Volume 44 Issue 9 | e5801 | Published: October 2016 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2016.44.9.1555

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We proposed a 3-way interaction between empowering leadership, intrinsic motivation, and task visibility to predict employee creativity. Participants were 224 employee–leader dyads working in South Korean firms. Results showed that in situations of high task visibility, empowering leadership related more positively to creativity for employees with low rather than high motivation. In contrast, in situations low in task visibility, empowering leadership related more positively to creativity for employees with high rather than low motivation. Thus, our results confirmed the importance of the 3 factors for enhancing employee creativity.

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