Leadership style, self-sacrifice, and team identification

Stefano Ruggieri1, Costanza Scaffidi Abbate2
1Department of Psychology, University of Palermo and Euro-Mediterranean Institute of Science and Technology, Italy
2Department of Psychology, University of Palermo, Italy
Cite this article:  Ruggieri, S., & Abbate, C. S. (2013). Leadership style, self-sacrifice, and team identification. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 41(7), 1171-1178.

Volume 41 Issue 7 | e3245 | Published: August 2013 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2013.41.7.1171

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Leadership is a group feature that directly impacts on team identification. Effective leaders are especially capable of fostering group cohesiveness and promoting efficacy in goal attainment. We assessed the relationship between transactional and transformational leadership style, team identification, and leader self-sacrifice. Participants were 186 call center employees who were headed by a leader who operated with either a transactional or a transformational leadership style. The employees reported their level of team identification and leader self-sacrifice. Results show how, in either the transactional or transformational leadership condition, levels of leadership and self-sacrifice were related to team identification, as well as the interaction effect between transactional leadership level and leader self-sacrifice. Our findings demonstrate how different leadership styles play a diverse role in this relationship.

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