Effects of audience response systems on student achievement and long-term retention

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Selcuk Karaman
Cite this article:  Karaman, S. (2011). Effects of audience response systems on student achievement and long-term retention. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 39(10), 1431-1440.


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The effects of audience response systems (ARS) on students’ academic success and their perceptions of ARS were examined in this study. Participants, comprising 44 undergraduate students, were randomly assigned to a control or treatment group. The course design was the same for both groups and the instructor prepared the multiple-choice questions in advance; students in the control group responded to these questions verbally whereas the treatment group used ARS. Two paper-based examinations were used to measure the learning of concepts and skills that were taught. Students’ perceptions of ARS were collected via a questionnaire. Results showed that ARS usage has a significant learning achievement effect in the first 4 weeks but not at the end of the second 4 weeks. There was no significant difference in retention between either group. Students perceived the ARS tool positively, finding it very enjoyable and useful.

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