Experience, instruction, and social environment: Fourth and fifth grade students’ use of metaphor

Bulent Guven1
1Çanakkale Onsekiz Mart University, Turkey
Cite this article:  Guven, B. (2008). Experience, instruction, and social environment: Fourth and fifth grade students’ use of metaphor. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 36(6), 743-752.

Volume 36 Issue 6 | e1751 | Published: July 2008 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.6.743

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This research, based on the post-1980s studies of Lacoff and Johnson (2005), was conducted to examine the metaphoric statements of students about their social studies course. Data were collected from 564 students in 4th and 5th grade classes at elementary schools in Çanakkale, Turkey. The metaphorical writings of the students were categorized by means of content analysis. Metaphoric statements displayed different characteristics according to the gender and grade level of the students.

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