Associations of organizational justice and ingratiation with Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The beneficiary perspective

Yi-Jung Chen1, Cheng-Chen Lin2, Yu-Chuan Tung1, Yuan-ta Ko3
1National Kaohsiung University of Applied Sciences, Taiwan
2National Pingtung University of Science & Technology, Taiwan
3National Sun Yat-sen University, Taiwan
Cite this article:  Chen, Y.-J., Lin, C.-C., Tung, Y.-C., & Ko, Y.-t. (2008). Associations of organizational justice and ingratiation with Organizational Citizenship Behavior: The beneficiary perspective. Social Behavior and Personality: An international journal, 36(3), 289-302.

Volume 36 Issue 3 | e1704 | Published: April 2008 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.2224/sbp.2008.36.3.289

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In this study we investigated whether the two motivational forces - social exchange and impression management - behind Organizational Citizenship Behavior (OCB) proposed by Bolino (1999) would be associated differently with an individual’s OCB toward a coworker, supervisor, and organization. Organizational justice and ingratiation represented the social exchange and impression management motives, respectively. Based on the data collected from managers, colleagues, and employees, the results of a total sample size of 529 questionnaires showed that both ingratiation and perception of organizational justice were positively associated with individuals’ OCB toward their supervisors. However, for individuals performing OCB toward their jobs, only the perception of distributive justice showed a positive correlation, and neither motive was positively associated with individuals’ OCB toward their coworkers.

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